Preparing a speech can be an overwhelming experience if you allow it to be one.  The strategies and steps below are a guide to assist you in a speech preparation. 

Research and preparation – Identify your target audience, consider their backgrounds,  interest and values.  Select a topic that is relevant to your audience.  Carry out an  inspection of the venue, if possible. Check the equipment you require is available to support your presentation. (Cenere, Gill, Lawson, & Lewis, 2015)

Writing your speech – Preparation is the best ways to ensure you give an effective presentation. Decide on the objective of your presentation.  Organize your speech in a logical sequence – opening, key points and summary. (Tarpley & Tarpley, 2008) 

Practicing – Practice makes perfect. Reducing the number of times you utter words and phrases such as, “like”, “um,” “well,” and “you know.” Do not just proof read. Practice your speech aloud. Seek out family or friend to practice on.  When you are rehearsing, do so in its entirety, including using visual aids. Time your speech. (Cenere, Gill, Lawson, & Lewis, 2015)

Visual aids – Visual aids should enhance your speech. Their main function is to assist the audience in understanding your presentation. Keep visual aids simple and clear. (Tarpley & Tarpley, 2008)

Questions and Answers – Allow the audience time to ask questions. This will serve to reinforce your message.  When answering the questions reply with a brief response. (Cenere, Gill, Lawson, & Lewis, 2015)


Cenere, P., Gill, R., Lawson, C., & Lewis, M. (2015). Communication Skills for Business Professionals. Port Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

Tarpley, M. J., & Tarpley, J. L. (2008). The Basics of PowerPoint and Public Speaking in Medical Education. Journal of Surgical Education, 131 – 132.